Search Results - physical science

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  1. Background Nanoparticles are currently in use across a vast array of consumer products. They find application in scratch resistant coatings, active ingredients in sunscreens, stain repellant fabrics, nanoparticle-strengthened steels, and also broadly to the production, processing, safety and packaging of food. Nanotechnology is conducted at the nan...
    Published: 11/29/2017
    Keywords(s):  
  2. Pervasive Brain-Mobile Interfacing (BMoI) is a new trend that has significantly increased within this decade through the creation of wearable dry contact electroencephalogram (EEG) sensors. Unfortunately, current commercially wearable brain sensors have low accuracy, power limitations and computational restraint based from mobile devices. These lim...
    Published: 11/22/2017
  3. Identifying damage detection is critical in many industries to reduce catastrophic failure. Mechanochemistry is the study of stress-responsive molecular units that sense force changes in their local environment to allow for determination of the stress, strain, or damage applied. Certain mechanophores have a florescent emission when undergoing stres...
    Published: 11/14/2017
    Category(s): Physical Science
  4. In the most recent decades, material characterization has evolved into the microscopic scanning field. Modern sensors are capable of applying electromagnetic radiation to obtain characterization data on set materials. However, current technologies require rotating sensors or sample adjustments. This causes problems in measurements because it risks ...
    Published: 10/26/2017
  5. Devices that continuously monitor cardiac activity in free living conditions are being integrated into everyday life. Cardiac sensors are an essential advancement for disease diagnostics and evaluation of post-operative progress. Also, these observations are useful for overall physical health and well-being. With today’s technology, smartpho...
    Published: 9/18/2017
  6. Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) have gained increased attention over the last four decades because they offer intuitive control in an abundance of applications where other interfaces are insufficient or impractical. Current technologies require lengthy training sessions until users achieve an acceptable level of control. Otherwise, users only have ...
    Published: 8/21/2017
  7. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have gained popularity in many computer vision applications. For example, they are able to train and classify images, video, and speech at high accuracy. However, the multiple layers of convolution and pooling operations necessary for CNNs create redundancy. This makes it difficult to perform real-time classific...
    Published: 8/9/2017
    Inventor(s): Jae-sun Seo, Minkyu Kim
  8. Modern security applications have improved tremendously through integrated circuit (IC) technology. IC introduced critical advancements in compliance and counterfeit identifiers through unique and covert markings. However, the lack of consistency, quality, and availability of covert marking systems prevent advancement within this field. Current te...
    Published: 7/27/2017
    Inventor(s): Michael Kozicki
  9. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) have received increased attention in the last decade due to their versatility, as well as the availability of inexpensive sensors for their navigation and control. Multirotor vehicles, specifically quadrotors, have formed a fast-growing field in robotics, with the range of applications spanning from surveillance and r...
    Published: 7/27/2017
    Keywords(s): Robotics
  10. In order to reduce the high costs associated with renewable power, there is a need to develop highly efficient photovoltaic materials, and III-V compound semiconductors offer a higher efficiency than conventional materials. However, high production costs limit widespread photovoltaic development. The substrates used to manufacture compound semicond...
    Published: 6/6/2017
    Inventor(s): Alan Chin, Cun-Zheng Ning
    Keywords(s): Energy, Solar cells

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