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  1. In the most recent decades, material characterization has evolved into the microscopic scanning field. Modern sensors are capable of applying electromagnetic radiation to obtain characterization data on set materials. However, current technologies require rotating sensors or sample adjustments. This causes problems in measurements because it risks ...
    Published: 10/26/2017
  2. In robotic mechanisms, a parallel manipulator uses multiple actuated parallel linkages to synergistically control the motion of the end-effector. In comparison to the more common serial chain manipulator, parallel manipulators typically offer better end-effector performance in terms of precision, stiffness, velocity, and torque generation. Parallel...
    Published: 3/2/2017
    Keywords(s): Exoskeleton
  3. Joint misalignment between a wearable robotic joint and its user can result in detrimental mechanical interference. For small degrees of joint misalignment, this interference can result in fatigue and friction-related user injuries, such as irritant contact dermatitis. Large degrees of joint misalignment can result in more severe injuries such as b...
    Published: 3/2/2017
    Keywords(s): Exoskeleton
  4. Intercalation compounds have been popular in commercial energy storage devices such as Li-ion batteries, but may achieve even higher performance through improved materials. Recently, 2D materials, such as graphene, have attracted significant attention due to their unique structural and electronic characteristics. Given that conventional intercalati...
    Published: 3/2/2017
    Inventor(s): Candace Chan, Qian Cheng
    Keywords(s):  
  5. Advances in human-robot interaction through myoelectric control has the potential to significantly improve prosthetics and artificial limbs. For these applications, humans need compliant robots to safely interact in dynamic environments associated with daily activities. Surface electromyography (sEMG) has been identified as a candidate for naturall...
    Published: 1/28/2017
    Keywords(s):  
  6. The exceptional electronic, thermal, and mechanical properties of diamonds make them ideal for applications in high power devices that need to operate in extreme temperature or radiation environments. Diamonds can improve performance and reduce the form factor in electronic devices. This would allow for smaller electronic control nodes, which are c...
    Published: 1/14/2017
    Keywords(s):  
  7. Low work function electrodes have the potential to advance and enable technologies that rely on electron transfer, such as electron sources utilizing thermionic electron emitters. Conventional electron sources based on metallic cathodes operate at temperatures exceeding 1000°C. Lowering the operating temperature would lead to a simpler design, ...
    Published: 1/14/2017
  8. Diamond electronics can provide significant advances in electronics due to exceptional properties such as large bandgap energy, high thermal conductivity, a low dielectric constant, and resistance to radiation. Obtaining n-type and p-type electronic character through impurity doping is necessary for diamond electronics and optoelectronics. Manufact...
    Published: 1/14/2017
  9. Synthetic diamonds have a variety of applications, ranging from jewelry to semiconductors. One fabrication method, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), is ideal for applications that require high purity materials with minimal defects. Diamond growth utilizing PECVD employs a gas mixture of hydrogen, methane, and select dopants. These ...
    Published: 1/14/2017
  10. Spin torque oscillators (STOs) offer an innovative alternative to microwave power generation and energy efficient computing. However, both applications require phase locking of an array of STOs, which has so far been difficult to accomplish. Additionally, conventional STOs are difficult to couple electrically and magnetically, and they require a la...
    Published: 12/30/2016

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