Search Results - semiconductors, materials & processes

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  1. Background Neuro-inspired machine deep learning have demonstrated that they can perform complex tasks such as image and speech classification, object recognition, and real-time decision-making. The state-of-the-art deep learning algorithms employ neural networks which have millions of parameters. Deploying such deep neural networks onto mobile plat...
    Published: 3/21/2018
    Inventor(s): Shimeng Yu, Rui Liu
  2. Current implantable electrodes face many challenges in performance and biocompatibility since rigidity and flexibility cannot be satisfied at the same time. Specifically, for long-term biocompatibility and performance, implanted probes need to further reduce their size and mechanical stiffness to match that of the surrounding cells. However, this m...
    Published: 2/14/2018
  3. In the most recent decades, material characterization has evolved into the microscopic scanning field. Modern sensors are capable of applying electromagnetic radiation to obtain characterization data on set materials. However, current technologies require rotating sensors or sample adjustments. This causes problems in measurements because it risks ...
    Published: 10/26/2017
  4. Wearable biomedical devices hold the promise of early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of a number of diseases. Because they are non-invasive, they have the potential to help patients and clinicians by providing continuous monitoring prior to the onset of more severe symptoms. These devices often utilize silicon wafer-based microelectronic compo...
    Published: 9/27/2017
    Keywords(s): Flexible electronics
  5. In order to reduce the high costs associated with renewable power, there is a need to develop highly efficient photovoltaic materials, and III-V compound semiconductors offer a higher efficiency than conventional materials. However, high production costs limit widespread photovoltaic development. The substrates used to manufacture compound semicond...
    Published: 6/6/2017
    Inventor(s): Alan Chin, Cun-Zheng Ning
    Keywords(s): Energy, Solar cells
  6. Integrated circuits (ICs) are used to produce the digital circuits needed for processing binary information. There are two main errors that can occur in ICs. First, hard errors result in permanent failure to the module. Second, soft errors occur when a binary switch within a digital circuit flips to its reverse state causing the IC to receive an in...
    Published: 5/18/2017
    Inventor(s): Lawrence Clark
    Keywords(s):  
  7. Effectively passivating a silicon cell leads to higher open circuit voltages and high efficiencies necessary for various electronic applications. Surface passivation is relevant for thinner wafers where recombination at the surface dominates total recombination. Thinner wafers are necessary as the voltage increases as a function of the excess carri...
    Published: 5/16/2017
  8. Silicon heterojunction (SHJ) technology can provide high solar cell efficiency and low cost in high volume manufacturing. Transparent conductive oxides (TCOs), a component in SHJ cells, can help achieve good conductivity and electrical contact with metals for transferring current. However, optimizing TCO layers in SHJ solar cells requires a tradeof...
    Published: 1/24/2017
    Inventor(s): Stanislau Herasimenka
  9. Stretchable and flexible electronics enable mobile health monitoring, a recently popular market trend. These devices can be integrated into medical sensors and displays. Wiring in the devices known as interconnects links vital components. Thus, to make the devices flexible, the interconnects must be flexible and stretchable as well. However, fabric...
    Published: 1/24/2017
    Keywords(s):  
  10. As electronic devices become smaller, the need for higher efficiency electronic devices increases. Gallium nitride (GaN)-based materials recently emerged as a research focal point due to their greater power conversion efficiency compared to silicon-based materials. As a result, these materials produce smaller, faster transistors that can withstand ...
    Published: 1/24/2017
    Inventor(s): Srabanti Chowdhury, Dong Ji

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